Cuestionario: L2 Grit and the Effectiveness of Online vs F2F Language Learning

We are running an important global study of how learners' individual traits, in particular L2 grit, influence the effectiveness of online and face-to-face second/foreign language classes. If you know students who are currently enrolled in or have recently completed a language course (either remotely or face-to-face), or instructors teaching such courses, could you please forward the link: It would be wonderful if more—as well as more diverse—settings and students were represented.

The project is preregistered, has received IRB approval (ethics clearance), and only takes around 16-17 minutes to complete. Participation is fully anonymous.

As in the case of our previous projects, the subsequent results will be made public in open access.